The city of Amsterdam is rich in culture and architectural heritage. It has one of the biggest historic city centers in all of Europe. It actually has registered up to 7,000 historic buildings in it and the pattern of the streets has been virtually left unchanged since the 19th century. This is because there were no major civil unrests and bombings that happened here during the Second World War.
If you would like to have a sort of a tour regarding the architectural history and the intact buildings in the city, you can actually go to the city office to browse through their online introduction which includes a website that introduces a cycle route which highlights several distinct sights.
Therefore, one of the things that you could actually and must do is to take a tour to see the different scenic and historical spots that Amsterdam has to offer. It will definitely give you a visual experience that you will never forget.
This is a large enclosed courtyard that has existed since the late-medieval period which has houses of "beguines". These are women who are live in a semi-religious community. These are also present in northern France and north-western Germany.
The city of Amsterdam was once ruled by an oligarchy which built and used canal houses and mansions. These canals are still intact and if you would like to see some of these historical canals, you might want to set up your visits to the following sites:
Singel 140-142, De Dolphijn which was made around the 1600s
Oudezijds Voorburgwal 14, Wapen van Riga which was constructed on 1605
Oudezijds Voorburgwal 57, De Gecroonde Raep (1615), in Baroque Amsterdam
Because of the little to no large-scale demolition in the historic center of the city, Amsterdam is a place that is teeming with 20th century architecture. The most significant and most popular ones are the sites which have been done by the architects of the Amsterdam School. One example of this school is Zaanstraat / Oostzaanstraat.
Other sites which will give you an educational experience about Amsterdam are the Museum of the Amsterdam School which charges an entrance fee of € 2.50 and the "Eastern Docklands" which is a zone that contains three artificial islands such as the Java/KNSM, Borneo and Sporenburg along with the Piet Heinkade with some adjoining edifices. These are accessible by train or bicycle at best.
The largest concentration of new residential buildings is in the Eastern Docklands. The zone includes three artificial islands: Borneo, Sporenburg, and Java/KNSM, together with the quayside along Piet Heinkade, and some adjoining projects. Accessible by tram 10, tram 26 to Rietlandpark, or best of all by bicycle.
These are magnificent windmills which were built outside the wall in order to avoid the big buildings that obstructed their path.
Other important sights
Amsterdam features museums which exhibit the masterpieces of Dutch artists such as Rembrandt and Vermeer. It also features a science center such as the NEMO. It also has the Van Gogh Museum dedicated to the 19th century Dutch painter. Another highlight that Amsterdam offers is the Anne Frank house which will take you to the exact place where Anne Frank lived before.