The Exotic City of San Juan in Puerto Rico

San Juan Puerto RicoSan Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico. It is one of the oldest cities in the Americas and is considered as the most important seaport within Puerto Rico. In addition, it is also the manufacturing, financial, and cultural capital of the country.


San Juan is the second oldest city in the Americas discovered by the Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish colonizers discovered San Juan and called it the Ciudad de Puerto Rico or "Rich Port City". In the same year, it was given the name San Juan Bautista de Perto Rico, in honor of Saint John the Baptist. By 1746, the name Puerto Rico was given to the whole island, and San Juan became the capital.

San Juan experienced several wars because it was a colony of Spain. The English, under Sir Francis Drake, attacked the city in 1595. The same thing was done by the Dutch in 1625. But because of the fort in San Juan dubbed as the El Moro, it repelled both assaults.

During the Spanish-American War, US Navy warships bombed San Juan but it was not occupied. But on July 25, 1898, the whole island was occupied by the Americans when Spain surrendered the island to them.

San Juan was also involved in the World War I, when a German supply vessel tried to force its way out the bay of San Juan. The Puerto Rican Infantry opened fire at the ship. This happened the day the United states declared war on Germany.


Being at the south of the Atlantic Ocean, San Juan has a tropical marine climate. It has an average temperature of about 82 degrees Fahrenheit and during winter it drops down to about 71 degrees Fahrenheit. The months of February, March and April are considered the driest.

Districts in San Juan

The capital is divided into 18 wards or barrios. Below is a list of all those subdivisions.

  • Caimito
  • Hato Rey Norte
  • Sabana Llana Norte
  • Monacillo
  • Cupey
  • Gobernador Pinero
  • Monacillo Urbano
  • Hato Rey Central
  • Hato Rey Sur
  • Sabana Llana Sur
  • Oriente
  • Viejo San Juan
  • Pueblo
  • Santurce
  • Quebrada Arenas
  • Tortugo


In 2000, San Juan has a population of about 433,700. Statistics show that about 72.7 percent of all people of San Juan have Spanish or White origin, about 11.9 percent of them are black and 0.5 percent are Amerindian.


The economy of San Juan experienced growth after World War II. Since, it has undergone economic development. The city focuses on products like: chemical substances and fertilizers, electronic devices, plastics, textiles, and food-based substances. San Juan also focuses on tourism. It has become one of Puerto Rico’s main tourism destinations because of its grand monuments and its historical places.

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